Services :   Decarbonisation Technologies and Equipment

AIR SEPARATION PLANTS

HIGH PURITY SOLUTIONS

INTRODUCTION

Cryogenic air separation plants are suitable for the production of liquid and / or gaseous oxygen, nitrogen and argon. The precious products are derived from atmospheric air, based on a low-temperature rectification process with high purity and widespread applications in industrial and medical sectors.

CRYOGENIC AIR SEPARATION

The raw material for air separation is atmospheric air with its main constituents: nitrogen, oxygen and argon. The air separation is based on the cryogenic rectification process, in which the compressed air is cooled down to -195 °C and partially liquefied. The rectification separates the individual constituents of the air by means of their differing boiling points. The gases / liquids are then available in the highest purity.

AIR SEPARATION PLANTS
STANDARD AND CUSTOMISED

GASEOUS OXYGEN (GOX), NITROGEN (GN), ARGON (GAR)

Standard and Customised plants of models ONG and OANG
Standard models:

ONG 1,000 / 2,000 / 5,000 / 10,000
OANG 1,000 / 2,000 / 5,000 / 10,000
Product Product Output* Product Purity
GOX 150 – 10,000 Nm3/h 99.5 – 99.7 % by vol.
GN 300 – 20,000 Nm3/h up to 1 ppm (v) O2
GAR 12 – 240 Nm3/h ** up to 5 ppm (v) O2

**Argon production is possible from 500 Nm3/h Oxygen / Nitrogen production.

During the production of gaseous Oxygen, Nitrogen and Argon, certain amounts of liquid products (LOX, LIN, LAR) can be produced simultaneously.

LIQUID OXYGEN (LOX), NITROGEN (LIN), ARGON (LAR)

Standard and Customised plants of models ONL and OANL
Standard models:

ONL 100 / 200 / 500 / 1,000 / 2,000 / 5,000
OANL 500 / 1,000
Product Product Output* Product Purity
LOX 100 – 5,000 Nm3/h 99.5 – 99.7 % by vol.
LIN 100 – 5,000 Nm3/h up to 1 ppm (v) O2
LAR 15 – 30 Nm3/h ** up to 5 ppm (v) O2

**Argon production is possible from 500 Nm3/h Oxygen / Nitrogen production.

HIGHLIGHTS OF LOX / LIN / LAR PLANTS

  • Compact design (skid mounted or containerised)
  • Quality and functional check in Cryotec‘s own workshop
  • High efficiency in plant operation
  • Very short erection / commissioning time due to prefabricated and tested plant units

HIGH PURITY NITROGEN

Standard and Customised plants
Standard models:

NG 300 / 500 / 1,000 / 2,000 / 3,000
5,000 / 7,000 / 10,000 / 15,000
Product Product Output* Product Purity
GN 300 – 15,000 Nm3/h up to 1 ppm (v) O2 in N2

Product Pressure*
6 – 8 bar/g

Certain amounts of liquid nitrogen (LIN) can be produced simultaneously.

CHARACTERISTICS

  • Very short erection / commissioning time due to ready piped and wired plant skids
  • Application of trusted and well-proven equipment
  • Efficient plant operation
  • Competitive solution due to standardisation
  • High quality by applying a quality management system according to ISO 9001 standard and stringent quality control pre-shipment and at installation site

*Other product capacities and pressures on request

ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT

  • Pipeline service / compressors, for increasing the production pressure up to the specific requirements of the customer
  • Liquid gas tanks for storage of liquid products
  • Liquid gas pumps, vaporisers
  • Cylinders filling manifolds

AIR SEPARATION PLANTS

SPECIAL FEATURES

  • Automatic process control by PLC guarantees highest plant availability and safety
  • Air cooling at ambient temperatures up to +50°C (122°F) possible and water cooling at ambient temperature up to +60°C (140°F)
  • Plants tailored to the specific needs of the customer
  • Full service in all project phases: planning, design, manufacturing, delivery, supervision, commissioning and start-up of the plant
  • Long-term customer service and assistance

HIGH PLANT SAFETY

  • High reliability due to high plant safety and long-term experience in process design, plant engineering and construction
  • Design according to latest safety standards of the oil and gas industry

TYPES OF INSTALLATION

Containerised
Containerised plants can be used in any climate zone. They are transportable, i.e. via air transport, and can be used in a mobile manner due to their closed construction and the short dismounting time.

Skid Mounting
Skid-mounted plants have many advantages. The simple maintenance and service as well as the modular design are only a few of them.

Delivery and Installation on Construction Site
CRYOTEC constructs, stationary plants and brings them into operation directly on the construction site.

PROPERTIES

O2

Gaseous (GOX)

Capacity:
500 — 10,000 Nm3/h

Purify:
99.7 Vol.%

Liquid (LOX)

Capacity:
100 — 5,000 Nm3/h

Purify:
99.7 Vol.%

0.2 to 25 bar(g) for storage in liquid gas tanks

N2

Gaseous (GN)

Capacity:
300 — 20,000 Nm3/h

Purify:
99.9999 Vol.% (1ppmv O2)

Liquid (LIN)

Capacity:
100 — 10,000 Nm3/h

Purify:
99.9999 Vol.% (1ppmv O2)

4 to 150 bar(g) for network supply

Ar

Gaseous (GAR)

Capacity:
15 — 240 Nm3/h

Purify:
99.9995 Vol.%

Liquid (LAR)

Capacity:
15 — 240 Nm3/h

Purify:
99.9995 Vol.%

Max. 300 bar(g) for filling highpressure cylinders

CUSTOMER’S BENEFIT

  • Low investment and operating costs through optimised processes and the highest technical reliability
  • Prefabricated plants or plant sections for short commissioning times
  • Use of suppliers with good reputation and state-of-the-art technologies
  • Training for the operating personnel
  • High quality manufacturing in our own workshop
  • Certified production to international standards
    • i.e. DIN EN ISO 9001
    • and EN C 90 (quality management)
  • Plants manufactured to international standards (API, GOST, ASME, etc.)

CO2 TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE CHEMICAL, POWER AND FOOD INDUSTRY

INTRODUCTION

Anglo Euro Energi Indonesia has selected and appointed Cryotec GmbH for the construction and delivery of CO2 plants from a single source, where the various components are optimally matched to each other and perform extremely efficiently. The CO2 plants can be erected pre-assembled on base frames or in containers and are suitable for both indoor and outdoor installation. The prefabricated units enable a shortened assembly / commissioning time onsite.

Cryotec carbon dioxide plants are fully automated, capable in dealing with large volumes with low operation costs. AEEI is able to offer competitive plant solutions and efficient plant operation and the CO2Purification and / or Recovery produces high product purity.

After commissioning, staff training is provided by Anglo Euro Energi and operations and maintenance of the plant are monitored by remote access to ensure optimal performance.

CO2 recovery, purification and liquefaction plants provide the most efficient solution to process carbon dioxide for usage in breweries, chemical plants or dry ice production.

TECHNICAL DATA

Carbon dioxide
Capacity 150-15,000 kg / h (further capacities on request)
Purity 99.5 – 99.999 Vol. %
Pressure ≥ 15 bar g

PROCESS

The carbon dioxide is collected at source, processed, liquefied and stored.

General process overview:

  • Gas washing
  • Gas drying
  • Active carbon adsorption / MEA wash
  • Compression
  • Liquefaction
  • Distillation (gas stripper)
  • Storage and filling
  • Dry-ice generation

CHARACTERISTICS

  • Compact Installation
  • Quality and functional check in Cryotec workshops
  • Very short erection / commissioning time due to prefabricated units
  • Application of well-proven equipment
  • Efficient plant operation
  • High product quality
  • Competitive solution due to standardisation

ADVANTAGES

  • Can be integrated in already existing production plants
  • Cost-effective processes
  • Automatic operation – minimal operating costs
  • Minimal maintenance expenditure
  • Dry-ice production

High Economic Efficiency

  • Low energy consumption
  • Low cost for maintenance & plant operation
  • Low labour input

High Plant Safety

  • High reliability due to high plant safety and long-term experience in process design, plant engineering and construction

DRYING / PURIFICATION

  • Industrial and chemical processes (combustion processes, hydrogen production / steamreforming or synthesis gas production)
  • Amine based processes
  • KMnO4 washing

CO2 DRIER AND PURIFICATION UNITS

  • Natural CO2 sources
  • From fermentation processes (breweries and distilleries)
  • Activated carbon
  • KMnO4

CO2 LIQUEFACTION

  • Dry Ice Production (recovery and re-liquefaction of gaseous CO2 to generate a more efficient dry ice production process)

SOME CO2 APPLICATIONS

CO2 EXTRACTION

There are natural gas fields with a very high CO2concentration particularly in the vicinity of volcanic regions. This CO2 can be cleaned, processed and utilised for conversion to commercial products.

FOOD QUALITY CO2

The CO2 recovered from fermentation processes is particularly suitable for producing food quality CO2.

CO2 FROM INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

Large quantities of carbon dioxide evolve from many industrial processes, for example combustion and other chemical processes. The CO2 can be recovered and made available for use in various Industrial sectors.

BIO — CO2

The carbon dioxide produced by biogas plants is often allowed to go to waste. Cryotec has the technology to extract this carbon dioxide, and prepare it for various uses (i.e. as a “fertiliser” in greenhouses, food industry). Using carbon dioxide separated from biogas and liquid biomethane can make existing plants operate more efficiently resulting in improved profit and environmental performance.

LNG TO POWER

AEEI is collaborating with CRYOTEC for LNG to Power projects internationally.
AEEI is focusing on securing sources of natural gas from natural gas producing wells both onshore and offshore.

The offshore gas shall be delivered via pipeline to onshore locations where our liquefaction plant shall be located to process the natural gas into LNG to be transported and distributed to customers at nearby industries.

For onshore site locations, methane shall be processed for power generation to replace diesel generators.

SATELLITE STATIONS

Natural gas is an increasing reliable source for energy supply. Diesel-powered back-up systems can be replaced by Gartrellite stations.

Switching fuel supply to LNG enables clean and efficient energy generation. Gas-fired Power Plants emit lower CO2, NOx, SO2 and other particulates.

LNG eradicates the need to connect to a pipeline as the satellite station is fuelled by tanker. An LNG infrastructure can be implemented as a back-up system for large gas turbine power plants.

BOIL – OFF GAS HANDLING

Solutions from CRYOTEC can recover the boil-off gas from LNG storage tanks and convert it back into usable form. This boil-off gas can be reliquefied, and fed back into the LNG tank or transformed into electrical energy.

SMALL – SCALE LIQUEFACTION

Small-Scale Liquefaction enables production of small natural gas fields for commercial operations. Natural gas can be processed and liquefied directly at source or at pipeline terminal for transportation and distribution.

APPLICATIONS FOR ENERGY SUPPLY

Reliable constant supply of LNG for independent power generation.

Constant supply systems

Provide a completely independent power supply derived from LNG.

Peak load systems

Designed to make up for supply shortages during peak load times (winter, increased production, etc.)

Back-up systems / emergency systems

Designed to ensure the continuity of plants operation in the event of a power outage or loss of the gas supply.

COMPARISON OF THE PROPERTIES OF LNG AND DIESEL

LNG* Diesel
Heat value (MJ / kg) 50 43.13
Heat value (kWh / kg) ≥ 13.89 11.98
Density (kg / l) ≥ 0.39 0.83
Sulphur content (ppm.) ≥ 0 10
Self-ignition temperature (°C) ≥ 537 210
Energy equivalent ≥ 1 kg 1.3 l

*Heating value, density and energy equivalent are always dependent on temperature and storage pressure and refer to the usual H gas.

Source: “LNG in Deutschland: Flüssigerdgas und erneuerbares Methan im Schwerlastverkehr”; www.dena.de

ANGLO EURO ENERGI / CRYOTEC – MADE IN GERMANY

AIR SEPARATION PLANTS

  • Low temperature rectification process
  • Liquefaction & Storage of O2 / N2 / Ar
  • Membrane and pressure swing adsorption technology

NATURAL GAS AND BIOGAS PLANTS

  • LNG / bio-LNG plants to liquefy natural gas /biogas
  • Preparation of natural gas / biogas
  • Storage of LNG / Bio-LNG
  • LNG filling stations (modular or stationary construction)
  • Boil-off gas recovery

CARBON DIOXIDE PLANTS

  • CO2 Recovery
  • Cleaning / Purification
  • Liquefaction / Storage
  • Dry ice production

SPECIAL SOLUTIONS FOR TECHNICAL GASES

  • Liquefaction of associated gases
  • Storage of gases

MOBILE LOX / LIN PLANTS

FOR INDUSTRIAL, TECHNICAL AND MEDICAL APPLICATIONS

Anglo Euro Energi Indonesia in collaboration with Cryotec Anlagenbau GmbH offer compact containerised LOX /LIN generation plants which are flexible and easy to transport by truck or aircraft. Our flexible “Plug + Play” can be installed in very short time, at any location, even under extreme climatic conditions worldwide.

CONTAINERISED LOX / LIN PLANTS

FLEXIBLE AND EASILY TRANSPORTABLE

Anglo Euro Energi Indonesia based on our customers special requirements, has appointed Cryotec to develop mobile LOX / LIN plants for production of liquid oxygen and nitrogen by low pressure cryogenic rectification process. The plant is installed in 2 x 20′ containers and meets the technical requirements for the transport by aircraft.

These containers include the complete equipment that is needed for the cryogenic process: air compressor, air-cooling and purification unit, cold box with cryogenic heat exchangers, rectification system, expansion turbine and LOX / LIN tanks.

Additionally, the plant can be equipped with LOX / LIN pumps, vaporisers and filling manifold for providing high pressure gaseous oxygen/nitrogen in cylinders.

For plant operation, the cold box is setup by means of hydraulic system while it is folded down for transportation.

The electrical cabinet, the analysers and the control system for automatic plant operation are stored in a divided part of one of the containers that is fully air-conditioned.

GENERAL DATA

Operating pressure, approx. : 10 bar g
Cylinder filling pressure approx : 300 bar g
Power supply : 400 V, 3 ph, 50 Hz
Mean electrical consumption : 150 Kw
Space required for arrangement : 9.0 m x 11.0 m
Total plant weight, pprox : 22 tons

PRODUCT DATA

PRODUCTION MODE I

Liquid Oxygen (LOX) : up to 15 Nm3/h*
Oxygen Purity : ≥ 99.5 % by vol.

PRODUCTION MODE II

Liquid Nitrogen (LIN) : up to 15 Nm3/h*
Nitrogen Purity : ≥ 99.5 % by vol. (max. 100 ppm (v) O2)

* depending on climate conditions

MOBILE PLANTS – BENEFITS

  • Transportable, also by air freight
  • High purity of the products (liquid oxygen, liquid nitrogen)
  • High efficiency
  • Low space requirement
  • Final assembly by plug & play On-Site only power connection required
  • Air-conditioned control room in the container
  • Storage tanks included in the containers

MOBILE LOX PLANT – SPECIAL FEATURES

  • Automatic hydraulic system for setting up of cold box
  • Easy to start-up using the automatic production mode
  • Compact, skid mounted and easy to maintain
  • Production of LIN and LOX within one plant

NITROGEN GENERATION PLANT

In collaboration with Cryotec Anlagenbau GmbH, Anglo Euro Energi Indonesia offers a packaged, transportable, flexible “Plug + Play” Nitrogen Plant with short installation and start-up period at any location.

The Nitrogen Generation Plant can be utilised as Barrier Gas, Inert Gas and Instrument Air.

ADVANTAGES

  1. Quality of Nitrogen:
    • Nitrogen Concentration: at least 95%
    • Amount of nitrogen produced between 23 to 310 Nm3/h (depending on capacity of compressor and membrane features)
  2. Instrument air produced may vary from 55 to 750Nm3/h (depending on capacity of compressor).
  3. Parallel generation of instrument air.
  4. Fully air-cooled (if required).
  5. Full automated and self-sufficient by means of a local PLC Control
  6. The redundant lines can additionally be cross-connected

DESCRIPTION OF NITROGEN GENERATOR

The nitrogen generation plant is used to provide nitrogen with a concentration of at least 95 Vol.-% (O2 residual concentration ≤ 5 Vol.-%) as well as production of high-quality instrument air. All equipment is housed in a steel box (similar to a 40 ‘ container). This is accordingly thermally insulated as well as air-conditioned. The steel box container has installed filters to avoid any sand or insects inside container and production system. There are also installed openings for maintenance and service.

In this container are installed air-cooled, two-stage screw compressors, dryer, filters, membrane modules, buffer vessels and analyser systems.

The production system can be built with redundancy to improve the availability of the production plant in case of maintenance or service. See diagram.

GENERAL DATA

1. Operating pressure : ca. 10 bar/g
2. Design pressure : 12 bar/g
3. Power supply : 400 V ± 10%
4. Connection capacity of the entire system : max. 160 kW (All electrical loads in operation, with full feature version)
5. Sound power level : max. 90 dB (1 m distance from Container outer wall)
6. Total space requirement : 40’ Container Steel box (High Cube)
7. Delivery time : 5 – 6 Months

Status: September 2017

SMALL – SCALE LNG LIQUEFACTION MODULE

Liquefied natural gas is a clean fuel for the future with a 25% reduction in CO2 emissions, 90% reduction in NOx emissions, and 100% reduction in SO2 and fine particle emissions. LNG is in great demand globally and is often considered as a transition fuel.

The liquefaction of natural gas into LNG ensures a flexible, independent supply in contrast to transporting gas by pipeline. Methane is the main constituent of natural gas.

Natural gas is cleaned and dried, carbon dioxide and water are removed before it is liquefied. The multi-stage cryogenic process developed by CRYOTEC cools the natural gas down to its liquefaction point. The liquefied natural gas can then be stored or transported in ISO tanks or special containers.

BENEFITS OF LNG

  • LNG is a sustainable, commercially viable alternative to diesel fuel and has widespread applications in the power, transportation, and industrial sectors
  • LNG has great potential for reaching the 1.5°C target of reduced greenhouse gases and improved air quality due to fewer emissions of particulate matter, sulphur, nitrogen oxide and CO2
  • The advantage of the liquid state of natural gas is its very high energy density and very high energy content, which allow the long ranges that are particularly important for long-distance freight transport: Ranges of 1,000km and more can be achieved with just one tank of fuel
  • Efficient energy storage : 1m3 LNG ≃ 600m3 Natural gas
  • LNG is non-toxic and non-corrosive

CRYOTEC — LNG PORTFOLIO

  • LNG tank farms
  • Regasification plants
  • Transport solutions (ISO containers, semi-trailers)
  • Decentralised power generation plants
  • Block-type thermal power station solutions
  • Boil-off gas handling

ADDITIONAL SERVICES

  • Desulphurisation
  • Drying / CO2 separation
  • Compression
  • Separation of propane / butane (LPG)
  • Storage and filling

LIQUEFACTION PLANTS FOR NATURAL GAS

CONTAINERISED AND MODULAR (SKID – MOUNTED) SOLUTIONS

CRYOTEC plants are specifically designed to meet customer requirements. Our liquefaction plants for natural gas are engineered as containerised or skid-mounted solutions. When offered as a package with our regasification plants, our solution offers widespread applications and affordable natural gas to remote regions.

PRODUCTS FROM THE NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION PLANT

LNG – ready for delivery to:

  • Local customers for heat and power generation
  • LNG tank farms for regasification and feeding into local gas networks
  • Refuelling stations for L-CNG (up to 300 bar overpressure) and LNG (up to 18 bar overpressure) – for trucks, cars, buses, locomotives

Separation of LNG – ready for delivery to:

  • Local customers for heat and power generation
  • LPG filling stations

LNG SUPPLY CHAIN

LNG REGASIFICATION

Regasification plants enable energy providers to cover peak periods of natural gas consumption. This involves re-evaporating the liquid natural gas and feeding it into the supply network or used for generating heat or power. The cold energy in the LNG released by the re-evaporation can also be put to good use for cooling or freezing purposes.

LNG REGASIFICATION PLANTS

In the LNG tank farms, the cryogenic, liquid natural gas is stored in double-walled, vacuum-insulated tanks. The atmospheric evaporators transform the liquid natural gas into its gaseous form, that can then be fed to where it will be used. The plant equipment in these satellite stations have proven to be reliable overtime in the field of technical gases.

REGASIFICATION BY AIR EVAPORATOR ONLY

EMERGENCY POWER PLANTS / COGENERATED HEAT AND POWER

APPLICATIONS FOR SMALL – SCALE LNG

  • Alternative to gas pipelines – transportation by truck, train or ship
  • Storage and regasification plants to cover peak loads
  • Tank farms for a decentralised natural gas supply to industrial plants and local networks
  • Fuel for natural gas refuelling stations (CNG/LNG), power generation by block-type thermal power station, heat generation for industrial plants
  • Emergency power supply

HIGHLIGHTS OF OUR PLANTS

  • Highly efficient liquefaction
  • Skid-mounted and standard container designs have the advantages of a low space requirement and time-saving assembly at the construction site
  • The plant can be run autonomously with a gas turbine or block-type thermal power station
  • The plant can be air-cooled if cooling water is not available

We supply turnkey natural gas liquefaction plants with the following capacities:

LNG

1,000 kg/h 5,000 kg/h
1,500 kg/h 7,000 kg/h
3,000 kg/h 10,000 kg/h
4,000 kg/h Additional capacities on request.

LNG APPLICATIONS

LNG AS FUEL

Liquid natural gas (LNG) is gaining importance as a fuel. Its environmentally friendly combustion and many possible uses are helping to make LNG a success. Particularly in urban areas and ports, liquid natural gas is a recognised alternative to conventional fuels as it significantly improves the air quality by reducing emissions.

Bio LNG is an environmental alternative that can be considered where sufficient raw materials are available from agricultural or industrial sources.

LNG FILLING STATIONS

CRYOTEC supplies and constructs turnkey LNG filling stations. These filling station systems are designed, engineered, constructed and installed either as a mobile system solution (skid-mounted, containerised) or as a stationary tank farm. Filling stations are designed to refuel vehicles, buses and trucks towards sustainable clean energy usage.

SHIPPING

In many ports, emission limits are already put into practise in order to improve the air quality of the neighbouring towns and cities. In the shipping industry, liquid natural gas is establishing itself as an alternative propulsion technology. CRYOTEC develops and designs LNG tank storage facilities and refuelling stations for the marine sector.

BIO – LNG

The liquefaction of biomethane from biogas plants is an excellent technology for storing energy and delivering it again when it is needed.

Biomethane can be stored by the liquefaction process, and then transported to the end user.

A better environmental balance can be achieved by adding biomethane to fossil natural gas. If the biogas is cleaned to natural gas quality (or better), it can be fed into the natural gas network.